Locking up criminal defendants and convicts costs a lot of money. At both the state and national levels, Americans are beginning to ask if this is money well spent. The numbers are alarming: on a per capita basis, the U.S. puts more people in prison and jail than any other country in the world. The number of minorities incarcerated is significantly higher than the general population, and the cost of these incarcerations is staggeringly large. There are serious non-monetary costs as well, no less real in their impact.