AIDS: After 30 years, the battle is far from over

The following editorial first appeared in the Los Angeles Times:

There is a dramatic arc to the three-decade history of AIDS as an epidemic and social phenomenon. Since it was first reported 30 years ago this month, the disease has evolved from an unnamed and mysterious illness to a diabolical killing machine to a chronic condition that can be managed with drugs.

Overall, AIDS has killed 25 million people worldwide. But the successful campaign to transform it — and HIV, the virus that causes it — from a sentence of sure death to a diagnosis that comes with a treatment plan is a medical triumph.

And there are more hopeful signs. Studies show that new drugs, including a gel that women can use, have been effective in reducing transmission of HIV. There is also new research into a cure. After a man with HIV and leukemia underwent a stem-cell transplant for his cancer several years ago, he ended up freed of both diseases. Such a procedure is too expensive and dangerous a treatment for HIV. But his apparent cure has spurred several studies on gene therapy that could replicate the results.

According to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, the global rate of new HIV infections has been steadily decreasing, and so has the number of deaths. The largest number of new cases continues to be in sub-Saharan Africa, where there were 22.5 million people living with HIV in 2009, according to the U.N. There are more than 33 million people living with HIV worldwide, about 1.2 million of them in the United States.

Also of concern, the rate of new infections in the United States has remained at 50,000 a year for the last 12 years. African-Americans in this country and women worldwide are disproportionately affected. Expensive anti-retroviral drugs remain out of reach for millions of people who should be taking them.

AIDS has been with us for so long, and the gains have been so dramatic, that many people have been lulled into carelessness or nonchalance. It’s time to get back to the basics, the preventive steps that have been available for years. Condom use is one. Needle exchange programs are another. Worldwide, there should be new public service campaigns to remind people of the remaining dangers.

In this country, federal and state governments need to fund more fully the national assistance program for people with HIV who don’t have insurance to cover the anti-retroviral drugs they need. Though there is no vaccine or over-the-counter cure yet, the spread of HIV can be stopped.


Mon, 02/27/2017 - 08:37

Rich Moniak: Presidential lies that matter

President Donald Trump did not have “the biggest electoral college win since Ronald Reagan” as he said during his first press conference last week. The fact that he’s wrong doesn’t justify calling him a liar though. It’s an insignificant statement. But like his predecessors, it should serve as a warning that, whenever it serves his own interests, Trump will discard the truth on serious matters.

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Mon, 02/27/2017 - 10:20

Letter: State senator’s form letter full of misinformation on Planned Parenthood

I have been in correspondence with my Senator, Dan Sullivan. I was able to let him know by email that I want him to continue support of Planned Parenthood federally and locally. I am disheartened by the form letter I received from him. His letter was full of misinformation that reflected/used the words that pro-life organizations do. If he is going to write back to his constituents, he should use language that shows he is aware of what the laws are and how funding really works. Read more

Mon, 02/27/2017 - 08:32

My Turn: Gov. Walker shouldn’t fleece taxpayers while cutting budget

Gov. Bill Walker, you should be ashamed of yourself for stooping so low to even consider further fleecing the very taxpayer who supports a lot of this so-called government, especially since you already took 50% of the permanent fund as another form of tax to support your already top-heavy bureaucracy that never seems to get or have enough to spend.

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Mon, 02/27/2017 - 08:31

ANWR: Let it be

Nearly 20 years ago historian Stephen Ambrose visited Juneau as part of the Alaska Humanities Forum. The author of “Undaunted Courage,” “Citizen Soldiers” and other bestselling books, Ambrose said the last century had been darkened by world wars. But overall the century’s theme was inspiring: democracy prevailed over totalitarianism.

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