This Day in History

Posted: Monday, January 01, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1903, the Juneau and Douglas high schools played a football game that may have been Alaska's first.

• In 1913, Governor and Mrs. Walter Clark held an open house to dedicate the new Governor's Mansion in Juneau.

• In 1918, the Territory of Alaska went dry based on a vote in 1916.

• In 1964, the Hawver Building, one of the oldest in Anchorage (built in 1919), was completely destroyed by fire.

In the nation

• In 1863, President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that slaves in rebel states were free.

• In 1892, the Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York formally opened.

• In 1898, New York City was consolidated into five boroughs.

• In 1953, country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, died of a drug and alcohol overdose while en route to a concert date in Canton, Ohio.

• In 1984, the breakup of AT&T took place as the telecommunications giant was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an antitrust agreement.

• In 2002, No. 2 Oregon defeated No. 3 Colorado 38-16 in the Fiesta Bowl.

• In 2006, President Bush strongly defended his domestic spying program, calling it legal as well as vital to thwarting terrorist attacks. The Medicare prescription drug plan went into effect. American teenager Farris Hassan, who'd traveled alone to Iraq to experience the lives of its people, returned home to Florida after three weeks in the Middle East.

In the world

• In 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed.

• In 1959, Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over Fulgencio Batista.

• In 1979, the United States and China held celebrations in Washington and Beijing to mark the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

• In 1993, zechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

• In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect.

• In 1997, an off-duty Israeli soldier with a history of mental problems opened fire on a crowded vegetable market in Hebron, wounding five people and touching off a stone-throwing demonstration by angry Palestinians. Kofi Annan assumed the title of United Nations secretary-general.

• In 1999, the euro, the new single currency of 11 European countries (later 12), officially came into existence with the start of the New Year.

• In 2002, the euro became legal tender in 12 European nations. Michael Bloomberg succeeded Rudolph Giuliani as New York City's mayor. Eduardo Duhalde was named Argentina's fifth president in two weeks.

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