In 1917, a fire wiped out much of the business district in Valdez.
In 1959, President Dwight Eisenhower approved the new 49-star American flag design, with the 49th star for Alaska.
In 1966, St. Michael's Greek-Russian Orthodox Church was destroyed by a fire that wiped out much of Sitka's business district.
In 1969, an early morning fire destroyed the broadcast facilities and the record library of KIFW-AM in Sitka.
In the nation
In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1900, Secretary of State John Hay announced the "Open Door Policy" to facilitate trade with China.
In 1929, the United States and Canada reached agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls.
In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann was found guilty, and executed.)
In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1965, the New York Jets signed University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
In 1974, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph (however, federal speed limits were abolished in 1995).
In 1983, the musical play "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip, closed on Broadway after a run of 2,377 performances.
In the world
In 1492, the leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrendered to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I.
In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.
In 1999, a U.N.-chartered cargo plane carrying nine people was downed in Angola's central highland war zone; there were no survivors.