Today’s Highlight in History:
• On Jan. 2, 1811, Sen. Timothy Pickering, a Federalist from Massachusetts, became the first member of the U.S. Senate to be censured (the offense was improperly revealing the contents of an executive document).
On this date:
• In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
• In 1900, Secretary of State John Hay announced the “Open Door Policy” to facilitate trade with China.
• In 1921, religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time as KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday service of the city’s Calvary Episcopal Church.
• In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann was found guilty, and executed.)
• In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.
• In 1959, the Soviet Union launched its space probe Luna 1, the first manmade object to fly past the moon, its apparent intended target.
• In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts launched his successful bid for the presidency.
• In 1971, 66 people were killed in a pileup of spectators leaving a soccer match at Ibrox (EYE’-brox) Stadium in Glasgow, Scotland.
• In 1981, police in Sheffield, England, arrested Peter Sutcliffe, who confessed to being the serial killer known as the “Yorkshire Ripper” who had slain 13 women.
• In 1991, Sharon Pratt (Dixon) was sworn in as mayor of Washington, D.C., becoming the first black woman to head a city of Washington’s size and prominence.