This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, January 06, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1874, the post office of Unalaska was established, discontinued the following September, and reestablished as Ounalaska in 1888. It became Unalaska in 1898.

• In 1959, Sen. E. L. (Bob) Bartlett won a coin-toss with Sen. Ernest Gruening to claim the distinction of being Alaska's "senior" senator. The first shipment of new Alaska 7-cent airmail stamps sold out in Anchorage. Gov. Egan had surgery for removal of a gall stone.

• In 1961, Mount Trident - in the Katmai National Monument in the Alaska Peninsula - erupted, sending a column of smoke and ash nearly 20,000 feet into the air.

• In 1979, four crab fishermen were plucked from a liferaft 45 miles south of Yakutat four days after their 80-foot crab boat sank in the Gulf of Alaska. That they survived the sinking of their boat, and that they were found and rescued, was dubbed a "double miracle" by the Coast Guard.

In the nation

• In 1759, George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis were married.

• In 1838, Samuel Morse first publicly demonstrated his telegraph, in Morristown, N.J.

• In 1912, New Mexico became the 47th state.

• In 1919, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, died in Oyster Bay, N.Y., at age 60.

• In 1942, the Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York after making the first round-the-world trip by a commercial airplane.

• In 1945, George Herbert Walker Bush married Barbara Pierce in Rye, N.Y.

• In 1982, truck driver William G. Bonin was convicted in Los Angeles of being the "freeway killer" who had murdered 14 young men and boys.

• In 1993, jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie died in Englewood, N.J., at age 75.

• In 2000, in Miami, demonstrators angered by the U.S. government's decision to send Elian Gonzalez back to Cuba skirmished with police. Republican presidential candidates debated in Durham, N.H., with such issues as taxes and gays in the military dominating the discussion.

• In 2004, a design consisting of two reflecting pools and a paved stone field was chosen for the World Trade Center memorial in New York. Hitting star Paul Molitor and reliever Dennis Eckersley were elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.

In the world

• In 1412, according to tradition, Joan of Arc was born in Domremy.

• In 1540, England's King Henry VIII married his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves. The marriage lasted about six months.

• In 1967, U.S. Marines and South Vietnamese troops launched Operation "Deckhouse 5," an offensive in the Mekong River delta.

• In 1993, ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev died in Paris at age 54.

• In 1995, over the protests of refugee advocates, the U.S. military began sending Haitians housed at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba home against their will.

• In 2004, 13 children and two adults were killed in Afghanistan's southern Kandahar province by a time bomb concealed in an apple cart on a street regularly used by U.S. military patrols. Mijailo Mijailovic confessed to the fatal stabbing of Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh in September 2003.

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