In 1901, Fred Welty and Ernest Johns of Marys Igloo reached Nome after being caught without provisions in a three-day blizzard. They reported that horses had eaten their tent.
In 1939, a diphtheria epidemic closed Juneau schools, and children were not allowed to leave their homes or yards.
In 1959, the Legislative Council recommended an annual salary of $3,000 for Alaska lawmakers, plus $40 per day for expenses during session.
In 1979, a fire swept through a Fairbanks mobile home after the owner tried to thaw the pipes with a weed burner.
In 1979, the U.S. Department of Commerce decided to return management of seven marine mammals to the state of Alaska.
In the nation
In 1788, Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1861, Mississippi seceded from the Union.
In 1861, the Star of the West, a merchant vessel bringing reinforcements to Federal troops at Fort Sumter, S.C., retreated after being fired on by a battery in the harbor.
In 1968, the Surveyor 7 space probe made a soft landing on the moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
In 1972, reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said a purported biography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake.
In 1995, President Clinton and Republican congressional leaders broke off budget talks. President Clinton vetoed a Republican welfare overhaul bill.
In 1997, a Comair commuter plane crashed 18 miles short of the Detroit Metropolitan Airport, killing all 29 on board.
In 2000, Linda Chavez withdrew her bid to be secretary of labor because of controversy over an illegal immigrant who had once lived with her.
In the world
In 1793, Frenchman Jean Pierre Blanchard, using a hot-air balloon, flew between Philadelphia and Woodbury, N.J.
In 1945, during World War II, American forces began landing at Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines.
In 1957, Anthony Eden resigned as British prime minister.
In 1964, anti-U.S. rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone, resulting in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and three U.S. soldiers.
In 1995, Chechen rebels seized a hospital in the southern Russian city of Kizlyar and took up to 3,000 hostages. The rebels released all but about 160 hostages the next day, using the remaining captives as a shield against Russian troops.
In 2004, Mahmoud Abbas, the No. 2 man in the Palestinian hierarchy during Yasser Arafat's rule, was elected Palestinian Authority president by a landslide.