In 1913, John Spickett's Orpheum Theatre opened at the foot of Main Street in Juneau.
In 1937, Mrs. Nell Scott of Seldovia was sworn in as Alaska's first woman legislator.
In 1947, the Aleutian Islands mailboat, Clarinda, was destroyed by fire at Sand Point.
In 1979, two Anchorage men received jail terms in a "moose killing." The state signed a pact to ship Alaska-grown barley to Japan.
In the nation
In 1805, the Michigan Territory was created.
In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union.
In 1913, the first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.
In 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health.
In 1973, owners of American League baseball teams voted to adopt the designated-hitter rule on a trial basis.
In 1999, President Clinton and House Republicans clashed in impeachment trial papers, with the White House claiming the perjury and obstruction allegations fell short of high crimes and misdemeanors and GOP lawmakers rebutting: "If this is not enough, what is?"
In 2003, calling the death penalty process "arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral," Illinois Gov. George Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 condemned inmates, clearing his state's death row two days before leaving office.
In the world
In 1942, Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.
In 1943, the United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China.