In 1913, John Spickett's Orpheum Theatre opened at the foot of Main Street in Juneau.
In 1937, Mrs. Nell Scott of Seldovia was sworn in as Alaska's first woman legislator.
In 1947, the Aleutian Islands mailboat, Clarinda, was destroyed by fire at Sand Point.
In 1979, two Anchorage men received jail terms in "moose killing." The state signed a pact to ship Alaska-grown barley to Japan.
In the nation
In 1805, the Michigan Territory was created by an act of Congress.
In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union.
In 1913, the first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.
In 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health.
In 1973, owners of American League baseball teams voted to adopt the designated-hitter rule on a trial basis.
In 1995, President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama held a low-key summit in Washington, playing down differences over trade.
In 2000, whittling away more of the federal government's power over states, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that state employees cannot go into federal court to sue over age bias. Carlton Fisk and Tony Perez were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
In 2004, Democrat Howard Dean defended his record on race in the last debate before the Iowa caucuses, as he was forced to acknowledge that no blacks or Hispanic had served in his cabinet during his 12 years as governor of Vermont.
In the world
In 1757, the first secretary of the U.S. Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, was born in the West Indies.
In 1815, Sir John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada, was born in Glasgow, Scotland.
In 1942, Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.