In 1913, John Spickett's Orpheum Theatre opened at the foot of Main Street in Juneau.
In 1937, Mrs. Nell Scott of Seldovia was sworn in as Alaska's first woman legislator.
In 1947, the Aleutian Islands mail boat, Clarinda, was destroyed by fire at Sand Point.
In 1979, two Anchorage men received jail terms for "moose killing."
In 1979, the state signed a pact to ship Alaska-grown barley to Japan.
In the nation
In 1805, the Michigan territory was created by an act of Congress.
In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union.
In 1913, the first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.
In 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health.
In 1995, addressing pointed questions about the first lady, President Clinton offered a rousing defense of his wife, Hillary, during a news conference. The space shuttle Endeavour blasted off on a nine-day mission.
In 2000, the Army acknowledged that U.S. soldiers killed an "unknown number" of South Korean refugees early in the Korean Conflict at No Gun Ri. President-elect Bush chose Elaine Chao to be secretary of labor after Linda Chavez withdrew. The Federal Communications Commission approved the merger of America Online and Time Warner.
In 2004, President Bush nominated federal judge Michael Chertoff to be the new homeland security chief, succeeding Tom Ridge.
In the world
In 1942, Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.
In 1943, the United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China.
In 1977, France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a PLO official behind the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.
In 1995, 52 people were killed when a Colombian airliner crashed as it was preparing to land near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena; a 9-year-old girl survived. Ryutaro Hashimoto was chosen the new prime minister of Japan. Funeral services were held for former French president Francois Mitterrand.
In 2004, Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi publicly acknowledged for the first time that parts of Iraq probably wouldn't be safe enough for people to vote in the upcoming elections.