This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, January 11, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1913, John Spickett's Orpheum Theatre opened at the foot of Main Street in Juneau.

• In 1937, Mrs. Nell Scott of Seldovia was sworn in as Alaska's first woman legislator.

• In 1947, the Aleutian Islands mail boat, Clarinda, was destroyed by fire at Sand Point.

• In 1979, two Anchorage men received jail terms for "moose killing."

• In 1979, the state signed a pact to ship Alaska-grown barley to Japan.

In the nation

• In 1805, the Michigan territory was created by an act of Congress.

• In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union.

• In 1913, the first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.

• In 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.

• In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health.

• In 1995, addressing pointed questions about the first lady, President Clinton offered a rousing defense of his wife, Hillary, during a news conference. The space shuttle Endeavour blasted off on a nine-day mission.

• In 2000, the Army acknowledged that U.S. soldiers killed an "unknown number" of South Korean refugees early in the Korean Conflict at No Gun Ri. President-elect Bush chose Elaine Chao to be secretary of labor after Linda Chavez withdrew. The Federal Communications Commission approved the merger of America Online and Time Warner.

• In 2004, President Bush nominated federal judge Michael Chertoff to be the new homeland security chief, succeeding Tom Ridge.

In the world

• In 1942, Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.

• In 1943, the United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China.

• In 1977, France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a PLO official behind the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.

• In 1995, 52 people were killed when a Colombian airliner crashed as it was preparing to land near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena; a 9-year-old girl survived. Ryutaro Hashimoto was chosen the new prime minister of Japan. Funeral services were held for former French president Francois Mitterrand.

• In 2004, Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi publicly acknowledged for the first time that parts of Iraq probably wouldn't be safe enough for people to vote in the upcoming elections.

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