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This Day in History

Posted: Friday, January 13, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1946, the Anchorage Daily News began publication with Norman Brown as editor.

• In 1948, Eielson Air Force Base near Anchorage was dedicated.

• In 1959, a masked bandit robbed a Fairbanks bank of $14,014.

• In 1979, bagpipes serenaded Gov. Jay and Bella Hammond as they entered each of three inaugural balls for a "festive starlit night of dancing in Juneau" honoring Hammond's second term.

In the nation

• In 1794, President Washington approved a measure adding two stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the union. (The number of stripes was later reduced to the original 13.)

• In 1966, Robert C. Weaver became the first black Cabinet member as he was appointed secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Johnson.

• In 1976, Sarah Caldwell became the first woman to conduct at New York's Metropolitan Opera House as she led a performance of "La Traviata."

• In 1982, an Air Florida 737 crashed into Washington, D.C.'s 14th Street Bridge after takeoff and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.

• In 1990, L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia became the nation's first elected black governor as he took the oath of office in Richmond.

• In 1995, President Clinton paid a front-line visit to American forces in Bosnia, praising the troops as "warriors for peace." Nine Republican presidential hopefuls debated in Des Moines, Iowa, where front-runner Bob Dole and flat-tax champion Steve Forbes found themselves facing repeated, bristling criticism.

• In 2004, Major League Baseball adopted a tougher steroid-testing program that suspended first-time offenders for 10 days and randomly tested players year-round.

In the world

• In 1893, Britain's Independent Labor Party (a precursor to the current Labor Party) held its first meeting.

• In 1898, Emile Zola's famous defense of Capt. Alfred Dreyfus, "J'accuse," was published in Paris.

• In 2000, an earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 struck El Salvador; more than 840 people were killed.



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