This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, January 13, 2009

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1946, the Anchorage Daily News began publication with Norman Brown as editor.

• In 1948, Eielson Air Force Base near Anchorage was dedicated.

• In 1959, a masked bandit robbed a Fairbanks bank of $14,014.

• In 1979, bagpipes serenaded Gov. Jay Hammond and his wife, Bella, as they entered each of three inaugural balls for a "festive starlit night of dancing in Juneau" honoring Hammond's second term.

In the nation

• In 1733, James Oglethorpe and some 120 English colonists arrived at Charleston, S.C., while en route to settle in present-day Georgia.

• In 1794, President George Washington approved a measure adding two stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the union. (The number of stripes was later reduced to the original 13.)

• In 1966, Robert C. Weaver was named Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Lyndon B. Johnson; Weaver became the first black Cabinet member.

• In 1982, an Air Florida 737 crashed into Washington, D.C.'s 14th Street Bridge after takeoff during a snowstorm and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.

• In 1990, L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia became the nation's first elected black governor as he took the oath of office in Richmond.

• In 1999, President Bill Clinton's legal team dispatched a formal trial brief to the Senate, arguing that neither "fact or law" warranted his removal from office; House officials sent the Senate all public evidence in the case. Michael Jordan announced his second retirement from the Chicago Bulls.

• In 2008, the Golden Globes were announced in a dry, news conference-style ceremony, devoid of stars because of the Hollywood writers' strike; "Atonement" won best motion picture drama, while "Mad Men" was named best dramatic TV series.

In the world

• In 1898, Emile Zola's famous defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, "J'accuse," was published in Paris.

• In 1945, during World War II, Soviet forces began a huge, successful offensive against the Germans in Eastern Europe.

• In 2004, hostile fire brought down a U.S. Army Apache attack helicopter in Iraq, but the two crew members escaped injury. A domestic airliner crashed in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, killing all 37 people aboard. Harold Shipman, the British doctor blamed for killing more than 200 mostly elderly patients, was found hanged in his prison cell, an apparent suicide.

• In 2008, President George W. Bush, visiting the United Arab Emirates, gently urged authoritarian Arab allies to satisfy frustrated desires for democracy in the Mideast and saved his harshest criticism for Iran, branding it "the world's leading state-sponsor of terror."

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