This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, January 14, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1869, the USS Saginaw, under the command of Commander Richard W. Meade, shelled a number of Kake villages.

• In 1959, Gov. Egan suffered an acute pancreatic attack. Applications opened for new State of Alaska license plates.

• In 1971, Gov. William Egan announced plans to construct three new state ferries and the planned sale of the ferry Wickersham.

• In 1979, Canadian and Alaskan fishermen questioned long-term effects of Japanese presence in NW coast fisheries. The Armed Forces Radio Network sent satellite television to remote military posts with the Defense Department's first TV network at Elmendorf Air Force Base.

In the nation

• In 1639, the first constitution of Connecticut - the "Fundamental Orders" - was adopted.

• In 1784, the United States ratified a peace treaty with England, ending the Revolutionary War.

• In 1952, NBC's "Today" show premiered, with Dave Garroway as the host, or "communicator," as he was officially known.

• In 1963, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama with a pledge of "segregation forever."

• In 1969, 27 people aboard the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise were killed in an explosion that ripped through the ship off Hawaii.

• In 1970, Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.

• In 1997, the House ethics committee's ranking Democrat, Jim McDermott of Washington state, removed himself from the investigation of Speaker Newt Gingrich, bowing to pressure concerning his role in the handling of an illegally taped phone call involving the House leader.

• In 2002, two members of Congress released excerpts of a letter to Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay the previous August in which Enron executive Sherron Watkins warned of the reckless practices that eventually brought down the energy-trading giant. The World Trade Organization decided the European Union could ask for punitive tariffs on U.S. imports. NBC's "Today" show celebrated its golden anniversary.

• In 2006, the chief judge in Saddam Hussein's trial (Rizgar Mohammed Amin) submitted his resignation (he was succeeded by Raouf Rasheed Abdel-Rahman). Johnny Weir won his third straight title at the U.S. Figure Skating championships; Sasha Cohen won the women's division; Michelle Kwan was given a berth on the U.S. Olympic figure skating team.

In the world

• In 1858, French emperor Napoleon III escaped an attempt on his life.

• In 1900, Puccini's opera "Tosca" received a mixed reception at its world premiere in Rome.

• In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.

• In 1953, Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country's Parliament.

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