This Day in History

Posted: Monday, January 14, 2008

In Alaska

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• In 1869, the USS Saginaw, under the command of U.S. Navy Commander Richard W. Meade, shelled a number of Kake villages.

• In 1959, Gov. William Egan suffered an acute pancreatic attack. Applications opened for new state of Alaska license plates.

• In 1971, Gov. William Egan announced plans to construct three new state ferries and the planned sale of the ferry Wickersham.

• In 1979, Canadian and Alaska fishermen questioned long-term effects of Japanese presence in northwest coast fisheries. The Armed Forces Radio Network sent satellite television to remote military posts, with the Defense Department's first TV network at Elmendorf Air Force Base.

In the nation

• In 1639, the first constitution of Connecticut - the "Fundamental Orders" - was adopted.

• In 1784, the United States ratified a peace treaty with England, ending the Revolutionary War.

• In 1952, NBC's "Today" show premiered, with Dave Garroway as the host, or "communicator," as he was officially known.

• In 1963, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama with a pledge of "segregation forever."

• In 1969, 27 people aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise were killed in an explosion that ripped through the ship off Hawaii.

• In 1970, Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.

• In 1998, Whitewater prosecutors questioned Hillary Rodham Clinton at the White House for 10 minutes about the gathering of FBI background files on past Republican political appointees. (Sources quoted the first lady as saying she knew nothing about any such collection of files.)

• In 2003, Kmart Corp. announced its biggest round of cutbacks yet, saying it would close 326 more stores and eliminate 37,000 more jobs in hopes of getting out of bankruptcy by the end of April 2003. (Kmart emerged from Chapter 11 protection in May 2003.) Thousands of General Electric Co. employees across the country began a two-day strike to protest higher health insurance costs.

• In 2007, President Bush, facing opposition from both parties over his plan to send more troops to Iraq, said on CBS' "60 Minutes" that he had the authority to act no matter what Congress wanted. On "Fox News Sunday," Vice President Dick Cheney asserted that lawmakers' criticism would not influence Bush's plans and he dismissed any effort to "run a war by committee."

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