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In 1908, Silas M. Reid succeeded James Wickersham as U.S. district judge for the Third Judicial Division.
In 1918, the first movie shown at the Perseverance Mine in Juneau was a big hit as 165 people watched "The Patriot," with William S. Hart.
In 1980, the one billionth barrel of Prudhoe Bay oil arrived in Valdez.
In the nation
In 1883, the U.S. Civil Service Commission was established.
In 1920, prohibition began in the United States as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect. (It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.)
In 1942, actress Carole Lombard, 33, her mother and about 20 other people were killed when their plane crashed near Las Vegas while returning from a war-bond promotion tour.
In 1957, three B-52's (accompanied at first by two spare aircraft) took off from Castle Air Force Base in California on the first nonstop, round-the-world flight by jet planes, which lasted 45 hours and 19 minutes.
In 1964, the musical "Hello, Dolly!" opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
In 1967, Alan S. Boyd was sworn in as the first secretary of transportation.
In 1991, the White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
In 1997, entertainer Bill Cosby's only son, Ennis, was shot to death in Los Angeles in an apparent roadside robbery attempt. (Mikhail Markhasev was later convicted of Ennis Cosby's killing, and sentenced to life in prison.) In Atlanta, two bomb blasts an hour apart rocked a building containing an abortion clinic, injuring six people.
In 2002, Richard Reid was indicted in Boston on federal charges alleging he'd tried to blow up a U.S.-bound jetliner with explosives hidden in his shoes. A gunman went on a shooting rampage at the Appalachian School of Law in Grundy, Va., killing the dean, a professor and a student; a Nigerian student, Peter Odighizuwa, was arrested - he was later found incompetent to stand trial.
In 2006, "Brokeback Mountain" won four Golden Globes, including best motion picture drama; "Lost" won best dramatic television series while "Desperate Housewives" won for best musical or comedy series.
In the world
In 1547, Ivan IV of Russia (popularly known as "Ivan the Terrible") was crowned Czar.
In 1944, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in London.
In 1997, Israeli soldiers dismantled their military headquarters in Hebron, marking the beginning of the end of Israel's 30-year-old rule in the West Bank city.
In 2003, the space shuttle Columbia blasted off with Israel's first astronaut, Ilan Ramon. (The mission ended in tragedy on Feb. 1, when the shuttle burned up during its return, killing all seven crew members.)
In 2006, a U.S. military helicopter crashed north of Baghdad, killing the two crew members; it was the third American chopper to go down in 10 days. Africa's first elected female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, was sworn in as Liberia's new president.