This Day in History

Posted: Friday, January 17, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1925, Gov. Scott C. Bone moved to the Alaska Executive Offices from the old Mission Building to the Goldstein Building in Juneau.

• In 1956, the fish house of the Juneau Cold Storage was destroyed by fire.

• In 1958, In a meeting at Petersburg, the Southeast Alaska Conference was formed as a permanent organization.

• In 1969, unsubstantiated rumors surfaced of clairvoyant Jeanne Dixon's prediction that a gigantic earthquake will strike Alaska causing the Kenai Peninsula to slide into the water. (She never made such a prediction.)

In the nation

• In 1706, Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.

• In 1893, the 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, died in Fremont, Ohio, at age 70.

• In 1893, Hawaii's monarchy was overthrown as a group of businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.

• In 1961, in his farewell address, President Eisenhower warned against the rise of "the military-industrial complex."

• In 1977, convicted murderer Gary Gilmore, 36, was shot by a firing squad at Utah State Prison in the first U.S. execution in a decade.

• In 1994, a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck Southern California, killing at least 61 people.

• In 1998, President Clinton gave a deposition in Paula Jones' sexual harassment lawsuit against him; during the nearly six hours of sworn testimony, Clinton denied having had a sexual relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

• In 2002, Enron fired accounting firm Arthur Andersen, citing its destruction of thousands of documents and its accounting advice; for its part, Andersen said its relationship with Enron ended in early December 2001 when the company slid into the biggest corporate bankruptcy in U.S. history.

In the world

• In 1945, Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw during World War II.

• In 1945, Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews, disappeared in Hungary while in Soviet custody.

• In 1946, the U.N. Security Council held its first meeting.

• In 1991, in the first day of Operation Desert Storm, U.S.-led forces hammered Iraqi targets in an effort to drive Iraq out of Kuwait; a defiant Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declared that the "mother of all battles" had begun.

• In 1993, The United States, accusing Iraq of a series of military provocations, unleashed Tomahawk missiles against a military complex eight miles from downtown Baghdad. President-elect Clinton, arriving in Washington for his inauguration, backed the action.

• In 1995, more than 6,000 people were killed when an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 devastated the city of Kobe, Japan.

• In 2002, a Palestinian gunman walked into a confirmation party in northern Israel and opened fire with an assault rifle, killing six people; the gunman was killed by police.

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