This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, January 19, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1900, the Military Department of Alaska was established by the secretary of War.

• In 1905, a new record for telegraphic service to Nome was established when a local businessman received a message from New York that had been sent just under six hours earlier.

• In 1907, the power house of the Citizens Light and Power Co. of Ketchikan was destroyed by fire.

• In 1959, Gov. Egan left the state for a Seattle hospital stay after gall bladder surgery.

• In 1959, a $1 million budget for Alaska parks and monuments was recommended to President Eisenhower.

• In 1979, a Fairbanks woman who was injured when her waterbed rolled, pinning her to the floor for 11 hours, received $150,000 from the manufacturer.

In the nation

• In 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union.

• In 1937, millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in seven hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

• In 1944, the federal government relinquished control of the nation's railroads following settlement of a wage dispute.

• In 1955, a presidential news conference was filmed for television for the first time, with the permission of President Eisenhower.

• In 1970, President Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court; the nomination was defeated because of controversy over Carswell's past racial views.

• In 1981, the United States and Iran signed an agreement paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.

• In 1995, the Bosnian peace agreement suffered its first setback as a planned nationwide prisoner release fell far short of its goal.

• In 2000, in a deal sparing himself possible indictment, President Clinton acknowledged for the first time making false statements under oath about Monica Lewinsky; he also surrendered his law license for five years.

• In 2004, previewing his second inauguration, President Bush pledged to seek unity in a nation divided by political differences, saying, "I am eager and ready for the work ahead." Condoleezza Rice won strong but not unanimous endorsement as secretary of State from a Senate panel. The American Cancer Society reported that cancer had passed heart disease as the top killer of Americans age 85 and younger.

In the world

• In 1853, Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premiered in Rome.

• In 1966, Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.

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