In 1900, the Military Department of Alaska was established by the secretary of War.
In 1905, a new record for telegraphic service to Nome was established when a local businessman received a message from New York that had been sent just under six hours earlier.
In 1907, the power house of the Citizens Light and Power Co. of Ketchikan was destroyed by fire.
In 1959, Gov. Egan left the state for a Seattle hospital stay after gall bladder surgery.
In 1959, a $1 million budget for Alaska parks and monuments was recommended to President Eisenhower.
In 1979, a Fairbanks woman who was injured when her waterbed rolled, pinning her to the floor for 11 hours, received $150,000 from the manufacturer.
In the nation
In 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union.
In 1937, millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in seven hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
In 1944, the federal government relinquished control of the nation's railroads following settlement of a wage dispute.
In 1955, a presidential news conference was filmed for television for the first time, with the permission of President Eisenhower.
In 1970, President Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court; the nomination was defeated because of controversy over Carswell's past racial views.
In 1981, the United States and Iran signed an agreement paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.
In 1995, the Bosnian peace agreement suffered its first setback as a planned nationwide prisoner release fell far short of its goal.
In 2000, in a deal sparing himself possible indictment, President Clinton acknowledged for the first time making false statements under oath about Monica Lewinsky; he also surrendered his law license for five years.
In 2004, previewing his second inauguration, President Bush pledged to seek unity in a nation divided by political differences, saying, "I am eager and ready for the work ahead." Condoleezza Rice won strong but not unanimous endorsement as secretary of State from a Senate panel. The American Cancer Society reported that cancer had passed heart disease as the top killer of Americans age 85 and younger.
In the world
In 1853, Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premiered in Rome.
In 1966, Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.