This Day in History

Posted: Friday, January 20, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1946, the Coliseum Theatre and Apartments in Juneau burned, leaving 19 families homeless.

• In 1959, Gov. William Egan remained in critical condition after emergency surgery in Seattle for removal of a gall stone.

• In 1969, the Cape Newenham National Wildlife Refuge was established.

In the nation

• In 1801, John Marshall was appointed chief justice of the United States.

• In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.

• In 1945, President Roosevelt was sworn into office for an unprecedented fourth term.

• In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of late civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

• In 2000, George Walker Bush became America's 43rd president after one of the most turbulent elections in U.S. history.

• In 2004, President Bush was inaugurated for a second term; Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, ill with thyroid cancer, delivered the oath of office. Anti-Bush demonstrators jeered the president's motorcade during the inaugural parade.

In the world

• In 1841, the island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain. (It returned to Chinese control in July 1997.)

• In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for exterminating Jews.

• In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.

• In 1986, Britain and France announced plans to build the Channel Tunnel.

• In 2000, hundreds of thousands of protesting Filipinos forced President Joseph Estrada to step down; Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was sworn in as the new president.

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