In 1946, the Coliseum Theatre and Apartments in Juneau burned, leaving 19 families homeless.
In 1959, Gov. William Egan remained in critical condition after emergency surgery in Seattle for removal of a gall stone.
In 1969, the Cape Newenham National Wildlife Refuge was established.
In the nation
In 1801, John Marshall was appointed chief justice of the United States.
In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
In 1945, President Roosevelt was sworn into office for an unprecedented fourth term.
In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of late civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
In 2000, George Walker Bush became America's 43rd president after one of the most turbulent elections in U.S. history.
In 2004, President Bush was inaugurated for a second term; Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, ill with thyroid cancer, delivered the oath of office. Anti-Bush demonstrators jeered the president's motorcade during the inaugural parade.
In the world
In 1841, the island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain. (It returned to Chinese control in July 1997.)
In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for exterminating Jews.
In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.
In 1986, Britain and France announced plans to build the Channel Tunnel.
In 2000, hundreds of thousands of protesting Filipinos forced President Joseph Estrada to step down; Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was sworn in as the new president.