In 1911, Mount Wrangell erupted and Central Alaska was shaken by an earthquake.
In 1959, Rep. Ralph Rivers, an Alaska Democrat, proposed a bill to ban nearly all imports of Japanese salmon.
In the nation
In 1861, Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and four other Southerners resigned from the U.S. Senate.
In 1915, the first Kiwanis Club was founded, in Detroit.
In 1942, Count Basie and his orchestra recorded "One O'Clock Jump" in New York for Okeh Records.
In 1950, former State Department official Alger Hiss, accused of being part of a Communist spy ring, was found guilty in New York of lying to a grand jury. (Hiss, who always maintained his innocence, served less than four years in prison.)
In 1954, the first atomic submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched at Groton, Conn.
In 1977, President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.
In 1997, Speaker Newt Gingrich was reprimanded and fined as the House voted for first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.
In 1998, President Clinton angrily denied reports he'd had an affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky and tried to get her to lie about it.
In the world
In 1793, during the French Revolution, King Louis XVI, condemned for treason, was executed on the guillotine.
In 1924, Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died at age 54.
In 1950, George Orwell, author of "1984," died in London.
In 1976, the supersonic Concorde jet was put into service by Britain and France.
In 1993, two U.S. warplanes fired on and bombed an Iraqi air defense radar site in northern Iraq after radar was turned on them - Iraq denied provoking the attack.
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