This Day in History

Posted: Friday, January 21, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1911, Mount Wrangell erupted and central Alaska was shaken by an earthquake.

• In 1959, Rep. Ralph Rivers (D-Alaska) proposed a bill to ban nearly all imports of Japanese salmon.

In the nation

• In 1861, Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, and four other Southerners resigned from the U.S. Senate.

• In 1915, the first Kiwanis Club was founded, in Detroit.

• In 1942, Count Basie and his Orchestra recorded "One O'Clock Jump" in New York for Okeh Records.

• In 1950, former State Department official Alger Hiss, accused of being part of a Communist spy ring, was found guilty in New York of lying to a grand jury. Hiss, who always maintained his innocence, served less than four years in prison.

• In 1954, the first atomic submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched at Groton, Conn. However, the Nautilus did not make its first nuclear-powered run until nearly a year later.

• In 1977, President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.

• In 1995, President Clinton, addressing the Democratic National Committee, implored members to "bear down and go forward" despite the results of the 1994 elections.

• In 1997, Speaker Newt Gingrich was reprimanded and fined as the House voted for the first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.

• In 2004, President Bush visited community colleges in Ohio and Arizona, where he highlighted the economy and several new job-training initiatives he'd proposed a day earlier in his State of the Union speech. The recording industry sued 532 computer users it said were illegally distributing songs over the Internet.

In the world

• In 1793, during the French Revolution, King Louis XVI, condemned for treason, was executed on the guillotine.

• In 1924, Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died at age 54.

• In 1950, George Orwell, author of "1984," died in London.

• In 1976, the supersonic Concorde jet was put into service by Britain and France.

• In 2000, the grandmothers of Elian Gonzalez traveled to the United States to plead for the boy's return to Cuba.

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