In 1911, Mount Wrangell erupted and central Alaska was shaken by an earthquake.
In 1959, Rep. Ralph Rivers (D-Alaska) proposed a bill to ban nearly all imports of Japanese salmon.
In the nation
In 1861, Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, and four other Southerners resigned from the U.S. Senate.
In 1915, the first Kiwanis Club was founded, in Detroit.
In 1942, Count Basie and his Orchestra recorded "One O'Clock Jump" in New York for Okeh Records.
In 1950, former State Department official Alger Hiss, accused of being part of a Communist spy ring, was found guilty in New York of lying to a grand jury. Hiss, who always maintained his innocence, served less than four years in prison.
In 1954, the first atomic submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched at Groton, Conn. However, the Nautilus did not make its first nuclear-powered run until nearly a year later.
In 1977, President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.
In 1995, President Clinton, addressing the Democratic National Committee, implored members to "bear down and go forward" despite the results of the 1994 elections.
In 1997, Speaker Newt Gingrich was reprimanded and fined as the House voted for the first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.
In 2004, President Bush visited community colleges in Ohio and Arizona, where he highlighted the economy and several new job-training initiatives he'd proposed a day earlier in his State of the Union speech. The recording industry sued 532 computer users it said were illegally distributing songs over the Internet.
In the world
In 1793, during the French Revolution, King Louis XVI, condemned for treason, was executed on the guillotine.
In 1924, Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died at age 54.
In 1950, George Orwell, author of "1984," died in London.
In 1976, the supersonic Concorde jet was put into service by Britain and France.
In 2000, the grandmothers of Elian Gonzalez traveled to the United States to plead for the boy's return to Cuba.