This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, January 22, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1917, the Coast Guard cutter Unalga arrived in Juneau to begin the first winter fisheries patrol of Alaska waters.

• In 1959, IRS reversed an earlier ruling, and allowed cost-of-living allowances paid to federal workers to be nontaxable.

In the nation

• In 1917, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory."

• In 1938, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J.

• In 1953, 50 years ago, the Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.

• In 1968, the fast-paced comedy show "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on NBC TV.

• In 1973, former President Lyndon Johnson died at age 64.

• In 1973, the Supreme Court handed down its Roe v. Wade decision, which legalized abortion using a trimester approach.

• In 1993, President Clinton resumed his search for an attorney general, following the early-morning withdrawal of nominee Zoe Baird in the face of a political firestorm over her hiring of illegal aliens. On the 20th anniversary of the Roe v. Wade decision, President Clinton lifted a series of abortion restrictions imposed by his Republican predecessors.

• In 1995, Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy died at the Kennedy compound at Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104.

• In 1998, Theodore Kaczynski pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole.

• In 2002, Kmart Corp., the discount chain that gave America the BlueLight Special, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Jack Shea, a gold medal-winning speedskater and patriarch of the nation's first family with three generations of Olympians, died in Lake Placid, N.Y., of injuries suffered in a car accident; he was 91.

In the world

• In 1901, Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82.

• In 1905, thousands of demonstrating Russian workers were fired on by Imperial army troops in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Red Sunday" or "Bloody Sunday."

• In 1922, Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.

• In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy.

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