In 1917, the Coast Guard cutter Unalga arrived in Juneau to begin the first winter fisheries patrol of Alaska waters.
In 1959, IRS reversed an earlier ruling, and allowed cost-of-living allowances paid to federal workers to be nontaxable.
In the nation
In 1917, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory."
In 1938, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J.
In 1953, 50 years ago, the Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.
In 1968, the fast-paced comedy show "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on NBC TV.
In 1973, former President Lyndon Johnson died at age 64.
In 1973, the Supreme Court handed down its Roe v. Wade decision, which legalized abortion using a trimester approach.
In 1993, President Clinton resumed his search for an attorney general, following the early-morning withdrawal of nominee Zoe Baird in the face of a political firestorm over her hiring of illegal aliens. On the 20th anniversary of the Roe v. Wade decision, President Clinton lifted a series of abortion restrictions imposed by his Republican predecessors.
In 1995, Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy died at the Kennedy compound at Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104.
In 1998, Theodore Kaczynski pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole.
In 2002, Kmart Corp., the discount chain that gave America the BlueLight Special, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Jack Shea, a gold medal-winning speedskater and patriarch of the nation's first family with three generations of Olympians, died in Lake Placid, N.Y., of injuries suffered in a car accident; he was 91.
In the world
In 1901, Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82.
In 1905, thousands of demonstrating Russian workers were fired on by Imperial army troops in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Red Sunday" or "Bloody Sunday."
In 1922, Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.
In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy.