In 1917, the Coast Guard Cutter Unalga arrived in Juneau to begin the first winter fisheries patrol of Alaska waters.
In 1959, the IRS reversed an earlier ruling and allowed cost of living allowances paid to federal employees to be declared non-taxable.
In the nation
In 1917, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." (By April, however, America also was at war.)
In 1938, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J.
In 1957, suspected "Mad Bomber" George P. Metesky, accused of planting more than 30 explosive devices in the New York City area since 1940, was arrested in Waterbury, Conn. He was later found mentally ill and committed to a mental hospital. He was released in 1973, and died in 1994 at age 90.
In 1968, the fast-paced comedy show "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on NBC.
In 1973, the Supreme Court handed down its Roe v. Wade decision, which legalized abortion. Former President Lyndon Johnson died at age 64.
In 1994, "Schindler's List," Steven Spielberg's drama about the Holocaust, won Golden Globes for best dramatic picture and best director. Actor Telly Savalas died in Universal City, Calif., a day after turning 70.
In 1998, Theodore Kaczynski pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole.
In 1999, Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.V., abruptly called for dismissal of charges against President Clinton to "end this sad and sorry time for our country." President Clinton called for spending $2.8 billion to protect the nation from cyberterrorism and chemical and germ warfare.
In 2003, opponents and supporters of abortion rights rallied on the 30th anniversary of the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade ruling. Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist Bill Mauldin, who'd immortalized World War II soldiers with his characters Willie and Joe, died in Newport Beach, Calif., at age 81.
In the world
In 1901, Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82.
In 1905, thousands of demonstrating Russian workers were fired on by Imperial army troops in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Red Sunday" or "Bloody Sunday."
In 1922, Pope Benedict XV died. He was succeeded by Pius XI.