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In 1917, the Coast Guard cutter Unalga arrived in Juneau to begin the first winter fisheries patrol of Alaska waters.
In 1959, IRS reversed an earlier ruling and allowed cost-of-living allowances paid to federal employees to be declared non-taxable.
In the nation
In 1907, 100 years ago, the Richard Strauss opera "Salome" made its American debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York; its racy content (including the Dance of the Seven Veils) sparked outrage.
In 1917, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." (By April, however, America also was at war.)
In 1938, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J.
In 1957, suspected "Mad Bomber" George P. Metesky was arrested in Waterbury, Conn. (He was later found mentally ill and committed to a mental hospital until 1973.)
In 1973, the Supreme Court handed down its Roe v. Wade decision, which legalized abortion.
In 1987, Pennsylvania treasurer R. Budd Dwyer, convicted of defrauding the state, proclaimed his innocence at a news conference before shooting himself to death in front of horrified spectators.
In 1997, the Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the nation's first female secretary of state and former Republican Sen. William Cohen as defense secretary.
In 2002, Kmart Corp., the discount chain that gave America the BlueLight Special, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
In 2006, Kobe Bryant scored 81 points, the second-highest in NBA history, in the Los Angeles Lakers' 122-104 victory over the Toronto Raptors. The Pittsburgh Steelers won the AFC title game, dismantling the Denver Broncos 34-17. The Seattle Seahawks claimed the NFC title, routing the Carolina Panthers 34-14.
In the world
In 1905, thousands of demonstrating Russian workers were fired on by Imperial army troops in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."
In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy.
In 2006, Evo Morales, Bolivia's first Indian president, took office with a promise to lift his nation's struggling indigenous majority out of centuries of poverty and discrimination.