This Day in History

Posted: Monday, January 24, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1900, the Petersburg Post Office was established with Christian H. Buschmann as postmaster.

• In 1921, Alaska's first pulp mill commenced operation at Speel River, Port Snettisham, south of Juneau.

• In 1963, the Alaska Marine Highway's MV Malaspina arrived in Juneau on its maiden voyage.

• In 1969, Keith Miller was sworn in as third governor of Alaska.

• In 1979, Sen. Ted Stevens met with presidential hopeful Ronald Reagan in what the senator called "a very friendly talk." Capital city entrepreneur Chuck Keen threatened to go to court over his proposed tramway to the top of Mt. Juneau, He wanted local officials to lower wind design requirements from 210 to 175 mph for his proposed $10 million tram and convention center.

In the nation

• In 1848, James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in northern California, a discovery that led to the gold rush of '49.

• In 1972, the Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.

• In 1985, the space shuttle Discovery was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on the first secret, all-military shuttle mission.

• In 1989, confessed serial killer Theodore Bundy was put to death in Florida's electric chair.

• In 1993, retired Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall died in Bethesda, Md., at age 84.

• In 1995, President Clinton appealed for common ground as he delivered his second State of the Union address, this time before a Republican-led Congress. The prosecution gave its opening statement at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.

• In 2000, Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore posted victories in the Iowa caucuses.

• In 2003, Howard Dean sharply questioned John Kerry's judgment on Iraq as Democratic presidential rivals raced through a final weekend of campaigning before the New Hampshire primary. NASA's Opportunity rover landed on Mars, arriving at the Red Planet exactly three weeks after its identical twin's landing. The new Department of Homeland Security officially opened as its head, Tom Ridge, was sworn in.

In the world

• In 1908, the first Boy Scout troop was organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell.

• In 1924, the Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in honor of the late revolutionary leader (however, it has since been renamed St. Petersburg).

• In 1943, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.

• In 1965, Winston Churchill died in London at age 90.

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