• In 1900, the Petersburg Post Office was established with Christian H. Buschmann as postmaster.
• In 1921, Alaska's first pulp mill commenced operation at Speel River, Port Snettisham, south of Juneau.
• In 1963, the Alaska Marine Highway' System's ferry Malaspina arrived in Juneau on its maiden voyage.
• In 1969, Keith Miller was sworn in as third governor of the state of Alaska.
• In 1979, Sen. Ted Stevens met with presidential hopeful, Ronald Reagan, in what the senator called "a very friendly talk."
• In 1979, Juneau entrepreneur Chuck Keen threatened to go to court over his proposed tramway to the top of Mount Juneau, wanting local officials to lower wind design requirements from 210 to 175 mph for his proposed $10 million tram and convention center.
In the nation
• In 1848, James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in northern California, a discovery that led to the gold rush of '49.
• In 1922, Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, patented the Eskimo Pie.
• In 1989, confessed serial killer Theodore Bundy was put to death in Florida's electric chair.
• In 1998, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, unveiled a proposal to root out Medicare fraud.
• In 2003, the new Department of Homeland Security officially opened as its head, Tom Ridge, was sworn in. Connecticut became the first state to take part in the U.S. government's plan to inoculate a half-million health care workers against smallpox. (Only four doctors agreed to be vaccinated that first day.)
• In 2007, the Democratic-controlled Senate Foreign Relations Committee dismissed President Bush's plans for a troop buildup in Iraq as "not in the national interest" of the United States. Colorado's Joe Sakic had four assists to lead the Western Conference to a 12-9 victory in the NHL All-Star game.
In the world
• In 1742, Charles VII was elected Holy Roman Emperor during the War of the Austrian Succession.
• In 1908, the Boy Scouts movement had what is considered its starting date in England, under the aegis of Robert Baden-Powell.
• In 1924, the Russian city of Petrograd (formerly St. Petersburg) was renamed Leningrad in honor of the late revolutionary leader. (It has since been renamed St. Petersburg).
• In 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
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