This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, January 25, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1930, the Eielson-Borland plane, which disappeared on Nov. 9, 1929, was found in Siberia.

• In 1959, the first indoor heated swimming pool in Alaska opened in Fairbanks.

• In 1979, Sen. Durkin D-New Hampshire introduced D-2 land bill in the Senate. Similar to Udall's House bill, it set aside wilderness areas in the national forest lands of Alaska. Kodiak superior court judge declared unconstitutional a law denying medical benefits to Alaska commercial fisherman injured outside the three-mile limit. A 5.3 Richter scale earthquake rocked the Mount Iliamna area 60 miles west of Homer. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service drafted a U.S.-Canadian treaty on joint management of Alaska caribou.

In the nation

• In 1787, Shays' Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers led by Capt. Daniel Shays failed to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass.

• In 1890, the United Mine Workers of America was founded.

• In 1915, the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated U.S. transcontinental telephone service.

• In 1946, the United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of Labor.

• In 1959, American Airlines opened the jet age in the United States with the first scheduled transcontinental flight of a Boeing 707.

• In 1961, President Kennedy held the first presidential news conference carried live on radio and television.

• In 1971, Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate.

• In 1981, the 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States.

• In 1995, the defense gave its opening statement in the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, saying Simpson was the victim of a "rush to judgment" by authorities who had mishandled evidence and ignored witnesses.

• In 2003, NASA's Opportunity rover zipped its first pictures of Mars to Earth, showing a surface smooth and dark red in some places, and strewn with fragmented slabs of light bedrock in others. "The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King" snared best dramatic film at the Golden Globes; HBO's six-hour adaptation of "Angels in America" won best miniseries or TV movie.

In the world

• In 1890, reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) of the New York World completed a round-the-world journey in 72 days, six hours and 11 minutes.

• In 2000, under government orders, the Florida relatives of Elian Gonzalez agreed to make the boy available for a meeting with his Cuban grandmothers at a neutral site. Martina Navratilova entered the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

• In 2003, outgoing U.S. weapons inspector David Kay told National Public Radio his inability to find illicit arms in Iraq raised serious questions about U.S. intelligence-gathering. Mikhail Saakashvili was inaugurated as Georgia's president.

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