In 1917, the Canadian steamer Prince John was wrecked in Wrangell Narrows, but was later salvaged.
In 1959, the first Alaska State Legislature convened in Juneau.
In 1974, KTOO-FM, Alaska's first non-commercial, listener-supported radio station, signed on the air.
In the nation
In 1784, in a letter to his daughter, Benjamin Franklin expressed unhappiness over the choice of the eagle as the symbol of America and expressed his preference: the turkey.
In 1802, Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.
In 1837, Michigan became the 26th state.
In 1861, Louisiana seceded from the Union.
In 1870, Virginia rejoined the Union.
In 1962, the United States launched Ranger III to land scientific instruments on the moon - but the probe missed its target by some 22,000 miles.
In 1979, 25 years ago, former Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller died in New York at age 70.
In 1999, President Clinton welcomed a frail Pope John Paul II as the pontiff began his seventh pilgrimage to the United States in St. Louis.
In 2003, Secretary of State Colin Powell, citing Iraq's lack of cooperation with U.N. inspectors, said he'd lost faith in the inspectors' ability to conduct a definitive search for banned weapons programs. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers won their first NFL championship, routing the Oakland Raiders 48-21 in Super Bowl XXXVII.
In the world
In 1788, the first European settlers in Australia, led by Capt. Arthur Phillip, landed in present-day Sydney.
In 1911, the Richard Strauss opera "Der Rosenkavalier" premiered in Dresden, Germany.
In 1942, the first American expeditionary force to go to Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.
In 1950, India officially proclaimed itself a republic as Rajendra Prasad took the oath of office as president.
In 1994, Russian President Boris Yeltsin accepted the resignation of Finance Minister Boris Fyodorov, who warned of economic collapse and social unrest. A scare occurred during a visit to Sydney, Australia, by Britain's Prince Charles, as a young man lunged at the prince, firing two blank shots from a starter's pistol.
In 1999, Jordan's King Hussein turned over the temporary operation of his country to his eldest son and flew back to the United States for urgent medical care.