In 1917, the Canadian steamer Prince John wrecked in Wrangell Narrows, but was later salvaged.
In 1959, the first Alaska State Legislature convened in Juneau.
In 1974, KTOO-FM, Alaska's first noncommercial, listener-supported radio station, signed on the air.
In the nation
In 1802, Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.
In 1837, Michigan became the 26th state.
In 1861, Louisiana seceded from the Union.
In 1870, Virginia rejoined the Union.
In 1942, the first American expeditionary force to go to Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.
In 1962, the United States launched Ranger 3 to land scientific instruments on the moon - but the probe missed its target by some 22,000 miles.
In 1995, first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton testified before a grand jury connected to the Whitewater probe. Hours before a midnight deadline, a confrontation-weary Congress voted to avert a third federal shutdown and finance dozens of agencies for seven more weeks.
In 2000, lacrosse coach Diane Whipple was attacked and killed by two huge dogs outside her apartment in San Francisco (the dogs' owners were later convicted of murder and manslaughter in connection with the death).
In 2004, a U.S. Marine helicopter crashed in western Iraq, killing 30 Marines and a Navy medic aboard. A man parked his SUV on railroad tracks in Glendale, Calif., setting off a crash of two commuter trains that killed 11 people. (Juan Manuel Alvarez, accused of being the SUV's driver, has pleaded innocent to murder and arson charges.) Condoleezza Rice was sworn in as secretary of state, following her confirmation by the Senate.
In the world
In 1788, the first European settlers in Australia, led by Capt. Arthur Phillip, landed in present-day Sydney.
In 1841, Britain formally occupied Hong Kong, which the Chinese had ceded to the British.
In 1911, the Richard Strauss opera "Der Rosenkavalier" premiered in Dresden, Germany.
In 1950, India officially proclaimed itself a republic as Rajendra Prasad took the oath of office as president.
In 2000, a devastating earthquake hit the Indian subcontinent, killing more than 13,000 people.