NOORVIK - One down, more than 309 million to go.
U.S. Census Bureau Director Robert Groves on Monday began the 2010 count of the nation's residents in a village in Alaska's arctic hinterlands.
The first person tallied in Noorvik, an Inupiat Eskimo community of 650, was Clifton Jackson, a World War II veteran and the town's oldest resident.
"It's all downhill from now," Groves said after leaving Jackson's house.
Clifton said he was honored to be the first person counted.
"It's seemed, to me, OK," he said.
Earlier Monday, Groves and other officials were taken from the airport to the village school by sled, with dog teams driven by schoolchildren. He even took a turn driving the sled in temperatures hovering just above zero - balmy compared with the minus-40 lows that settled over the village earlier this month.
"It's much warmer than we thought it would be," Groves said.
After gathering with village officials and elders and sampling muktuk - strips of bowhead whale skin and blubber - Groves was driven to Jackson's house in a 4-wheeler. Dressed in heavy arctic gear, he walked to the door with a small briefcase in hand.
"Hello. Thank you," he said when the door opened. He walked inside and began the confidential process of conducting the Census. It took about 10 minutes.
To celebrate the historic event, residents prepared a day of festivities with traditional dances, an Inupiat fashion show and a feast of caribou soup and baked bearded seal.
Groves and most of the 50 visitors were bunking down in empty school classrooms before departing today.
Census workers will interview Noorvik residents using the same 10-question forms to be mailed to most U.S residents in mid-March. Workers also will visit 217 other rural communities in the state.
Alaskans in rural communities not linked by roads have been the first people counted since the 1990 census.
It's easier to get to the villages before muddy conditions brought on by the spring thaw make access more difficult. Groves said it's also crucial to reach villagers before they set off for fishing camps or hunting expeditions.