This Day in History

Posted: Monday, January 27, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1905, The bill creating the Alaska Road Commission was signed into law by President Teddy Roosevelt.

• In 1925, The first dog team left Nenana in the relay of serum to combat the diphtheria outbreak in Nome;.

• In 1969, Artist Eustace Ziegler died, just after a major retrospective exhibition of his work at the Frye Museum in Seattle.

• In 1969, The University of Alaska began its first major oceanographic expedition to the Bering Sea.

In the nation

• In 1880, Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.

• In 1951, an era of atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.

• In 1967, astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo One spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Fla.

In the world

• In 1756, composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria.

• In 1901, opera composer Giuseppe Verdi died in Milan, Italy, at age 87.

• In 1943, some 50 bombers struck Wilhelmshaven in the first all-American air raid against Germany during World War II.

• In 1945, Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

• In 1967, more than 60 nations signed a treaty banning the orbiting of nuclear weapons.

• In 1973, the Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.

• In 1977, the Vatican reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church's ban on female priests.

• In 2002, Wafa Idris, a Palestinian paramedic, became the first female suicide bomber against Israel; her victim was an 81-year-old man. A munitions depot in Nigeria exploded; more than 1,000 people died, most of them drowning in a nearby canal during the resulting stampede.

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