In 1905, The bill creating the Alaska Road Commission was signed into law by President Teddy Roosevelt.
In 1925, The first dog team left Nenana in the relay of serum to combat the diphtheria outbreak in Nome;.
In 1969, Artist Eustace Ziegler died, just after a major retrospective exhibition of his work at the Frye Museum in Seattle.
In 1969, The University of Alaska began its first major oceanographic expedition to the Bering Sea.
In the nation
In 1880, Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.
In 1951, an era of atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.
In 1967, astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo One spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Fla.
In the world
In 1756, composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria.
In 1901, opera composer Giuseppe Verdi died in Milan, Italy, at age 87.
In 1943, some 50 bombers struck Wilhelmshaven in the first all-American air raid against Germany during World War II.
In 1945, Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.
In 1967, more than 60 nations signed a treaty banning the orbiting of nuclear weapons.
In 1973, the Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.
In 1977, the Vatican reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church's ban on female priests.
In 2002, Wafa Idris, a Palestinian paramedic, became the first female suicide bomber against Israel; her victim was an 81-year-old man. A munitions depot in Nigeria exploded; more than 1,000 people died, most of them drowning in a nearby canal during the resulting stampede.