This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, January 27, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1905, the bill creating the Alaska Road Commission was signed into law by President Teddy Roosevelt.

• In 1925, the first dog team left Nenana in the relay of serum to combat the diphtheria outbreak in Nome.

• In 1969, the University of Alaska began its first major oceanographic expedition to the Bering Sea.

In the nation

• In 1880, Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.

• In 1967, astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Fla.

• In 1981, President Ronald Reagan greeted the 52 former American hostages released by Iran at the White House.

• In 1998, shaken by scandal over his relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky, President Bill Clinton sought to reassert his leadership in his State of the Union address, urging Congress to "save Social Security first" before cutting taxes or increasing spending. Earlier in the day, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, on NBC's "Today" show, charged the allegations against her husband were the work of a "vast right-wing conspiracy."

• In 2003, the Bush administration dismissed Iraq's response to U.N. disarmament demands as inadequate.

• In 2007, tens of thousands of anti-war demonstrators marched in Washington, D.C., calling for the U.S. to get out of Iraq.

In the world

• In 1943, some 50 bombers struck Wilhelmshaven in the first all-American air raid against Germany during World War II.

• In 1944, the Soviet Union announced the complete end of the deadly German siege of Leningrad, which had lasted for more than two years.

• In 1945, Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

• In 1951, an era of atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a 1-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flat.

• In 1967, more than 60 nations signed a treaty banning the orbiting of nuclear weapons.

• In 1973, the Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.

• In 2003, chief U.N. inspector Hans Blix charged that Iraq had never genuinely accepted U.N. resolutions demanding its disarmament and warned that "cooperation on substance" was necessary for a peaceful solution.

• In 2007, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi led a congressional delegation to Pakistan, where she met with President General Pervez Musharraf. Serena Williams won her third Australian Open singles title, routing Maria Sharapova 6-1, 6-2. Kimmie Meissner won her first national title at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships.

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