This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, January 28, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1925, the City of Juneau purchased its first combination grader and snowplow, costing $1,600.

• In 1969, the John Birch Society planned to hire a full-time coordinator in Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard went into operation, in New Haven, Conn.

• In 1878, the first daily college newspaper, the Yale News, began publication in New Haven, Conn.

• In 1909, the United States ended direct control over Cuba.

• In 1915, the Coast Guard was created by an act of Congress.

• In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.

• In 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members.

• In 1993, funeral services were held in Washington for former Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall.

• In 1998, the day after his State of the Union address, President Clinton barnstormed in the nation's heartland, where he was warmly received; accompanying him was Vice President Al Gore, who urged Americans to "join me in supporting him and standing by his side."

• In 2002, Hamid Karzai became the first Afghan leader to visit Washington in 39 years; President George W. Bush promised a "lasting partnership" with Afghanistan.

In the world

• In 1853, Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti was born in Havana.

• In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.

• In 1973, a cease-fire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War.

• In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.

• In 1982, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. Brig. Gen. James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.

• In 1993, the Israeli Supreme Court unanimously upheld the deportations of 400 Palestinians from the occupied territories to Lebanon.

• In 2002, Afghan troops backed by U.S. Special Forces stormed a hospital ward in Kandahar, killing six al-Qaida gunmen who had refused to surrender. An Ecuadorian jetliner crashed in the Andes across the border in Colombia, killing all 92 aboard. "Pippi Longstocking" creator Astrid Lindgren died in Stockholm, Sweden, at age 84.

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