This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, January 28, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1925, the city of Juneau purchased its first combination grader and snowplow, costing $1,600.

• In 1969, the John Birch Society planned to hire a full-time coordinator in Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard went into operation, in New Haven, Conn. Also, the first daily college newspaper, the Yale News, began publication in New Haven, Conn.

• In 1909, the United States ended direct control over Cuba.

• In 1915, the Coast Guard was created by an act of Congress.

• In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.

• In 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members.

• In 1999, Ford Motor Co. announced it was buying the Volvo car division in a $6.45 billion deal.

In the world

• In 1853, Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti was born in Havana.

• In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.

• In 1973, a cease-fire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War.

• In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.

• In 1982, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. Brig. Gen. James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.

• In 2003, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's Likud party and other hawkish parties won a resounding victory in Israel's parliamentary elections.

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