In 1925, the city of Juneau purchased its first combination grader and snowplow, costing $1,600.
In 1969, the John Birch Society planned to hire a full-time coordinator in Anchorage.
In the nation
In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard went into operation, in New Haven, Conn. Also, the first daily college newspaper, the Yale News, began publication in New Haven, Conn.
In 1909, the United States ended direct control over Cuba.
In 1915, the Coast Guard was created by an act of Congress.
In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.
In 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members.
In 1999, Ford Motor Co. announced it was buying the Volvo car division in a $6.45 billion deal.
In the world
In 1853, Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti was born in Havana.
In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
In 1973, a cease-fire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War.
In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.
In 1982, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. Brig. Gen. James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
In 2003, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's Likud party and other hawkish parties won a resounding victory in Israel's parliamentary elections.
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