In 1925, the City of Juneau purchased its first combination grader and snow plow, costing $1,600.
In 1969, the John Birch Society planned to hire a full-time coordinator in Anchorage.
In the nation
In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard went into operation, in New Haven, Conn.
In 1878, the first daily college newspaper, the Yale News, began publication in New Haven, Conn.
In 1909, the United States ended direct control over Cuba.
In1915, the Coast Guard was created by an act of Congress.
In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.
In 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, Fla., killing all seven crew members.
In 1995, President Clinton was host to a 5 1/2-hour "work session" of governors, legislators and local officials, both Democrats and Republicans, to discuss welfare reform.
In 2000, Sister Jeanne O'Laughlin, the Florida nun selected by Attorney General Janet Reno as a neutral party in the custody battle over Elian Gonzalez, sought unsuccessfully to persuade Reno to change her mind about returning the 6-year-old to Cuba.
In the world
In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
In 1973, a cease-fire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War.
In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.