This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, January 28, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1925, the city of Juneau purchased its first combination grader and snow plow, which cost $1,600.

• In 1969, the John Birch Society planned to hire a full-time coordinator in Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1878, the first daily college newspaper, Yale News (now Yale Daily News), began publication in New Haven, Conn.

• In 1909, the United States ended direct control over Cuba.

• In 1915, the U.S. Coast Guard was created as President Wilson signed into law a bill merging the Life-Saving Service and Revenue Cutter Service.

• In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis was nominated by President Wilson to the Supreme Court; Brandeis became its first Jewish member.

• In 2002, Hamid Karzai became the first Afghan leader to visit Washington in 39 years; President Bush promised a "lasting partnership" with Afghanistan.

• In 2006, a memorial service was held at the Kennedy Space Center to honor the crew of the Challenger on the 20th anniversary of the shuttle disaster.

In the world

• In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.

• In 1973, a cease-fire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War.

• In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.

• In 1982, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. Brigadier General James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.

• In 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven of its crew members: flight commander Francis R. "Dick" Scobee; pilot Michael J. Smith; Ronald E. McNair; Ellison S. Onizuka; Judith A. Resnik; Gregory B. Jarvis; and schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe.

• In 1997, O.J. Simpson's fate was placed in the hands of a civil court jury that was charged with deciding whether Simpson should be held liable for the slayings of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman. (The jury found that Simpson was liable, and ordered him to pay $33.5 million.)

• In 2002, Afghan troops backed by U.S. Special Forces stormed a hospital ward in Kandahar, killing six al-Qaida gunmen who had repeatedly refused to surrender. An Ecuadorean jetliner crashed in the Andes across the border in Colombia, killing all 92 aboard.

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