This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, January 29, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1914, Juneau Camp No. 4 of the Alaska Native Brotherhood was organized.

• In 1942, the U.S. Army activated Fort Randall at Cold Bay with 48 officers and 1,122 enlisted men.

• In 1959, Gulkana, in the Upper Copper River Valley, was proposed as a site for a new state capital to replace Juneau.

• In 1959, a bill was introduced in the Alaska Legislature that would eventually set up Alaska Court System.

• In 1969, U.S. Sen. Mike Gravel discovered he was alone in the steambath of the Senate gymnasium with the man he defeated in his race for the Senate: Ernest Gruening. According to Gravel, the two sat with their faces buried in magazines and did not speak to one another.

• In 1979, 23 persons in Anchorage were stricken with trichinosis after eating black bear meat that was not fully cooked.

• In 1979, the new Anchorage Federal Building opened.

In the nation

• In 1843, the 25th president of the United States, William McKinley, was born in Niles, Ohio.

• In 1845, Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven" was first published, in the New York Evening Mirror.

• In 1850, Henry Clay introduced in the Senate a compromise bill on slavery that included the admission of California into the Union as a free state.

• In 1861, Kansas became the 34th state of the Union.

• In 1900, the American League, consisting of eight baseball teams, was organized in Philadelphia.

• In 1936, the first members of baseball's Hall of Fame, including Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth, were named in Cooperstown, N.Y.

• In 1958, actors Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward were married.

• In 1963, the first members of football's Hall of Fame were named in Canton, Ohio.

• In 1963, poet Robert Frost died in Boston at age 88.

• In 1979, President Carter formally welcomed Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping to the White House, following the establishment of diplomatic relations.

• In 1993, President Clinton told reporters he was ordering the drafting of a formal directive by July 15 to end the longstanding ban on homosexuals in the U.S. military.

• In 1998, a bomb rocked an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Ala., killing Robert Sanderson, an off-duty police officer working as a security guard, and critically injuring Emily Lyons, a nurse. (Authorities are searching for a suspect, Eric Rudolph.)

• In 2002, In his first State of the Union address, President Bush said terrorists were still threatening America. And he warned of "an axis of evil" consisting of North Korea, Iran and Iraq. Actor Harold Russell, who received two Oscars for his sensitive portrayal of a disabled veteran in "The Best Years of Our Lives," died in Needham, Mass., at age 88.

In the world

• In 1820, Britain's King George III died insane at Windsor Castle, ending a reign that had seen the American and French revolutions.



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