• In 1914, Juneau Camp 4 of the Alaska Native Brotherhood was organized.
• In 1942, the U.S. Army activated Fort Randall at Cold Bay with 48 officers and 1,122 enlisted men.
• In 1959, Gulkana, in the Upper Copper River Valley, was proposed as a site for a new state capital to replace Juneau. A bill was introduced in the Alaska Legislature that would eventually set up the Alaska Court System.
• In 1979, 23 people in Anchorage were stricken with trichinosis after eating black bear meat that was not fully cooked. The new Anchorage Federal Building opened.
In the nation
• In 1845, Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven" was first published, in the New York Evening Mirror.
• In 1850, Henry Clay introduced in the Senate compromise proposals on slavery.
• In 1861, Kansas became the 34th state of the Union.
• In 1936, the first members of baseball's Hall of Fame, including Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth, were named in Cooperstown, N.Y.
• In 1958, 50 years ago, actors Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward were married in Las Vegas.
• In 1963, the first members of pro football's Hall of Fame were named in Canton, Ohio.
• In 1979, President Carter formally welcomed Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping to the White House, following the establishment of diplomatic relations.
• In 1998, a bomb rocked an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Ala., killing Robert Sanderson, an off-duty police officer working as a security guard, and critically injuring Emily Lyons, a nurse. (The bomber, Eric Rudolph, was captured in May 2003 and is serving a life sentence.)
• In 2003, the Congressional Budget Office predicted the current year's federal deficit would soar to $199 billion even without President Bush's new tax cut plan or war against Iraq. A dust explosion at the West Pharmaceutical Services plant in Kinston, N.C., killed six people and injured dozens more.
• In 2007, deeply distrustful of Iran, President Bush said "we will respond firmly" if Tehran escalated its military actions in Iraq and threatened American forces or Iraqi citizens. Kentucky Derby winner Barbaro was euthanized because of medical complications eight months after his gruesome breakdown at the Preakness. Miss Oklahoma Lauren Nelson was crowned Miss America at the pageant in Las Vegas.
In the world
• In 1996, fire destroyed Venice, Italy's La Fenice opera house.
• In 2007, a Palestinian suicide bomber killed three Israelis at a bakery in Eilat in the first such attack inside Israel in nine months.
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