This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, January 30, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1920, a fire destroyed the plant of the Daily Alaska Citizen at Fairbanks.

In the nation

• In 1882, the 32nd president of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was born in Hyde Park, N.Y.

• In 1933, the first episode of the "Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit.

• In 1981, an estimated 2 million New Yorkers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.

In the world

• In 1649, England's King Charles I was beheaded.

• In 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.

• In 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by a Hindu extremist.

• In 1968, during the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive began as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals.

• In 1972, 13 Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."

• In 1993, on the 60th anniversary of Hitler's swearing-in as chancellor of Germany, more than 300,000 Germans carried candles to denounce the Nazi era.

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