In 1920, a fire destroyed the plant of the Daily Alaska Citizen at Fairbanks.
In 1979, a woman won Fort Richardson's "Soldier of the Year Award."
In the nation
In 1933, the first episode of the "Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit.
In 1962, two members of "The Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.
In 1964, the United States launched Ranger 6, an unmanned spacecraft carrying television cameras that was to crash-land on the moon.
In 1981, an estimated 2 million New Yorkers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.
In 1995, in an election billed as an early barometer for the national political season, Ron Wyden won a close race to become Oregon's first Democratic U.S. senator in 30 years, replacing Bob Packwood.
In 2000, Republicans pushed John Ashcroft's attorney general nomination to the Senate floor by a narrow 10-8 Judiciary Committee vote. All but one Democrat voted against him.
In the world
In 1649, England's King Charles I was beheaded.
In 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.
In 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by a Hindu extremist.
In 1968, during the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive began as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals.
In 1972, 13 Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."
In 1979, the civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who'd been living in exile in France, to return.
In 2004, Iraqis voted in their country's first free election in a half-century. President Bush called the balloting a resounding success. The downing of a C-130 military transport plane north of Baghdad killed all 10 British servicemen on board. The militant group Ansar al-Islam claimed responsibility.