This Day in History

Posted: Monday, January 30, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1920, a fire destroyed the plant of the Daily Alaska Citizen at Fairbanks.

• In 1979, a woman won Fort Richardson's "Soldier of the Year Award."

In the nation

• In 1933, the first episode of the "Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit.

• In 1962, two members of "The Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.

• In 1964, the United States launched Ranger 6, an unmanned spacecraft carrying television cameras that was to crash-land on the moon.

• In 1981, an estimated 2 million New Yorkers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.

• In 1995, in an election billed as an early barometer for the national political season, Ron Wyden won a close race to become Oregon's first Democratic U.S. senator in 30 years, replacing Bob Packwood.

• In 2000, Republicans pushed John Ashcroft's attorney general nomination to the Senate floor by a narrow 10-8 Judiciary Committee vote. All but one Democrat voted against him.

In the world

• In 1649, England's King Charles I was beheaded.

• In 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.

• In 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by a Hindu extremist.

• In 1968, during the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive began as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals.

• In 1972, 13 Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."

• In 1979, the civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who'd been living in exile in France, to return.

• In 2004, Iraqis voted in their country's first free election in a half-century. President Bush called the balloting a resounding success. The downing of a C-130 military transport plane north of Baghdad killed all 10 British servicemen on board. The militant group Ansar al-Islam claimed responsibility.

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