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This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, January 30, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1920, a fire destroyed the plant of the Daily Alaska Citizen at Fairbanks.

In the nation

• In 1883, James Ritty and John Birch received a U.S. patent for the first cash register.

• In 1933, the first episode of the "Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit.

• In 1962, two members of "The Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.

• In 1981, an estimated 2 million New Yorkers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.

• In 1997, the Marine Corps opened an investigation of two videotaped hazing incidents in 1991 and 1993 known as "blood pinnings" in which elite paratroopers had golden jump pins beaten into their chests. (The 1993 incident led to a recommended discharge for a sergeant.)

• In 2002, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said the U.S. would watch closely to see what Iraq, Iran and North Korea did next, a day after President Bush singled them out as part of a dangerous "axis of evil." Interim Afghan leader Hamid Karzai visited the World Trade Center site and placed a wreath of yellow roses by a memorial wall as he surveyed the ruins of 9/11.

• In 2006, Exxon Mobil posted record profits for any U.S. company: $10.71 billion for the fourth quarter of 2005 and $36.13 billion for the year. Jennifer San Marco, an ex-postal worker, killed a former neighbor in Santa Barbara, Calif., before opening fire at a mail processing plant in Goleta, killing six people before committing suicide.

In the world

• In 1649, England's King Charles I was beheaded.

• In 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.

In 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by a Hindu extremist.

• In 1968, during the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive began as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals.

• In 1972, 13 Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."

• In 2005, in Belfast, Northern Ireland, Robert McCartney, 33, was killed after intervening in a pub fight between Irish Republican Army members and a friend of his.

• In 2006, video aired by Al-Jazeera showed kidnapped American journalist Jill Carroll wearing an Islamic veil and weeping (she was released on March 30, 2006).



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