This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, February 01, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1898, the Daily Alaskan began publishing at Skagway and continued for 26 years.

• In 1914, the Alaska Sunday Morning Post was established in Juneau.

• In 1922, John C. McBride of Juneau took office as Collector of Customs for Alaska.

• In 1939, a sailors strike threatened operations of Alaska-bound ships.

• In 1959, the House passed a pay bill for legislators, giving each $3,000 a year, plus $40 a day during session for expenses.

• In 1969, "Project Chariot," a plan to blast out a new harbor in Alaska north of the Arctic Circle using nuclear explosives, was deemed too expensive.

• In 1975, the U.S. State Department denied a charge by Rep. Don Young that it had sacrificed Alaska's interests in the new fishing treaty with Japan.

• In 1985, Alaska led the nation in making computers available to public school students. The State Department of Education reported that there was one computer for every 22 school children.

In the nation

• In 1861, Texas voted to secede from the Union.

• In 1960, four black college students began a sit-in protest at a lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., where they'd been refused service.

• In 1982, 25 years ago, "Late Night with David Letterman" premiered on NBC.

• In 1991, 34 people were killed when a U.S. Air jetliner crashed atop a commuter plane on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport.

• In 2002, President Bush responded to the collapse of Enron by proposing regulation reforms of 401(k) retirement plans. Justice Department investigators directed President Bush's staff to preserve the paper trail of any contact with Enron.

• In 2006, in his first case on the Supreme Court, new Justice Samuel Alito split with the court's conservatives, refusing to let Missouri execute a death-row inmate contesting lethal injection. United Airlines left bankruptcy after a painful restructuring that lasted more than three years.

In the world

• In 1896, Puccini's opera "La Boheme" premiered in Turin.

• In 1920, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police came into existence.

• In 1943, one of America's most highly decorated military units of World War II, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, made up almost entirely of Japanese-Americans, was authorized.

• In 1946, Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie was chosen to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations.

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