In 1925, diphtheria serum was delivered to Nome from Nenana by dogsled relay. Part of this route later became the Iditarod Dogsled Race route.
In 1931, the American flag was raised for the first time over the new capitol of the Territory of Alaska by Gov. George Parks with 400 school children attending.
In 1939, Edward Lewis "Bob" Bartlett took office as secretary of Alaska.
In 1947, a fire destroyed the Valdez Hospital and Children's Home.
In 1985, a fire destroyed the Alaska Glacier Seafood Co. and Cold Storage facility in Petersburg.
In the nation
In 1653, New Amsterdam - now New York City - was incorporated.
In 1870, the "Cardiff Giant," supposedly the petrified remains of a human discovered in Cardiff, N.Y., was revealed to be nothing more than carved gypsum.
In 1876, the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs was formed in New York.
In 1897, fire destroyed the Pennsylvania state capitol in Harrisburg. (A new statehouse was dedicated on the same site nine years later.)
In 1994, the Commerce Department reported that its Index of Leading Economic Indicators rose for the fifth straight month, with a 0.7 percent advance in December 1993.
In 1996, dancer, actor and choreographer Gene Kelly died at his Beverly Hills, Calif., home. He was 83.
In 1998, a federal jury in Portland, Ore., ordered abortion foes who had created "wanted" posters and a Web site listing the names and addresses of "baby butchers" to pay $107 million in damages. The defendants promised to appeal. The case is before the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 2003, the search continued for pieces of the space shuttle Columbia, a day after the spacecraft disintegrated during re-entry over Texas, killing all seven astronauts. The American Football Conference won the Pro Bowl, defeating the National Football Conference 45-20.
In the world
In 1536, the Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.
In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, was signed.
In 1882, Irish poet and novelist James Joyce was born near Dublin.
In 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.
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