This Day in History

Posted: Monday, February 02, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1925, diphtheria serum was delivered to Nome from Nenana by dogsled relay. Part of this route later became the Iditarod Dogsled Race route.

• In 1931, the American flag was raised for the first time over the new capitol of the Territory of Alaska by Gov. George Parks with 400 school children attending.

• In 1939, Edward Lewis "Bob" Bartlett took office as secretary of Alaska.

• In 1947, a fire destroyed the Valdez Hospital and Children's Home.

• In 1985, a fire destroyed the Alaska Glacier Seafood Co. and Cold Storage facility in Petersburg.

In the nation

• In 1653, New Amsterdam - now New York City - was incorporated.

• In 1870, the "Cardiff Giant," supposedly the petrified remains of a human discovered in Cardiff, N.Y., was revealed to be nothing more than carved gypsum.

• In 1876, the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs was formed in New York.

• In 1897, fire destroyed the Pennsylvania state capitol in Harrisburg. (A new statehouse was dedicated on the same site nine years later.)

• In 1994, the Commerce Department reported that its Index of Leading Economic Indicators rose for the fifth straight month, with a 0.7 percent advance in December 1993.

• In 1996, dancer, actor and choreographer Gene Kelly died at his Beverly Hills, Calif., home. He was 83.

• In 1998, a federal jury in Portland, Ore., ordered abortion foes who had created "wanted" posters and a Web site listing the names and addresses of "baby butchers" to pay $107 million in damages. The defendants promised to appeal. The case is before the U.S. Supreme Court.

• In 2003, the search continued for pieces of the space shuttle Columbia, a day after the spacecraft disintegrated during re-entry over Texas, killing all seven astronauts. The American Football Conference won the Pro Bowl, defeating the National Football Conference 45-20.

In the world

• In 1536, the Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.

• In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, was signed.

• In 1882, Irish poet and novelist James Joyce was born near Dublin.

• In 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.

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