This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, February 02, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1925, diphtheria serum was delivered to Nome from Nenana by dog sled relay. Part of this route later became the Iditarod Dogsled Race route.

• In 1931, the American flag was raised for the first time over the new Capitol of the territory of Alaska by Gov. George Parks with 400 school children attending.

• In 1939, Edward Lewis "Bob" Bartlett took office as secretary of Alaska.

• In 1947, a fire destroyed the Valdez Hospital and Childrens' Home.

• In 1985, a fire destroyed the Alaska Glacier Seafood Co. and Cold Storage in Petersburg.

In the nation

• In 1653, New Amsterdam - now New York City - was incorporated.

• In 1870, the "Cardiff Giant," supposedly the petrified remains of a human discovered in Cardiff, N.Y., was revealed to be nothing more than carved gypsum.

• In 1876, the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs was formed in New York.

• In 1897, fire destroyed the Pennsylvania state Capitol in Harrisburg. (A new statehouse was dedicated on the same site nine years later.)

• In 1987, the White House announced the resignation of CIA Director William Casey, who was hospitalized and had undergone brain surgery.

• In 1996, a deep freeze continued in the Plains, the Midwest and much of the South, breaking temperature records that had stood for a century.

• In 2001, former President Clinton and Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton said they would pay for $86,000 worth of White House gifts they chose to keep.

• In 2005, in his State of the Union address, President Bush called for changes in Social Security that would combine reduced government benefits for younger workers with "a chance to build a nest egg" through personal accounts.

In the world

• In 1536, the Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.

• In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, was signed.

• In 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.

• In 1945, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill departed Malta for the summit in Yalta with Soviet leader Josef Stalin.

• In 1971, Idi Amin assumed power in Uganda, following a coup that ousted President Milton Obote.

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