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In 1925, diphtheria serum was delivered to Nome from Nenana by dogsled relay. Part of this route later became the Iditarod Dogsled Race route.
In 1931, the American flag was raised for the first time over the new capitol of the Territory of Alaska by Gov. George Parks with 400 school children attending.
In 1939, Edward Lewis "Bob" Bartlett took office as Secretary of Alaska.
In 1947, a fire destroyed the Valdez Hospital and Childrens' Home.
In 1985, a fire destroyed the Alaska Glacier Seafood Co. and cold storage building in Petersburg.
In the nation
In 1653, New Amsterdam - now New York City - was incorporated.
In 1876, the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs was formed in New York.
In 1897, fire destroyed the Pennsylvania state capitol in Harrisburg. (A new statehouse was dedicated on the same site nine years later.)
In 1948, President Truman sent to Congress a 10-point civil rights program calling for measures against lynching, poll taxes and job discrimination.
In 1987, the White House announced the resignation of CIA director William Casey, who was hospitalized and had undergone brain surgery.
In 1997, authorities in Vallejo, Calif., recovered 500 pounds of stolen dynamite and arrested two men in bombings that destroyed three bank teller machines and blasted a crater into the side of a courthouse wall. (Six men wound up receiving long prison terms for their roles in the case.)
In 2002, Jim Kelly of the Buffalo Bills and Pittsburgh Steelers star John Stallworth were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The NHL World All-Stars rallied to defeat North America 8-to-5.
In 2006, House Republicans elected John Boehner of Ohio as their new majority leader to replace the indicted Tom DeLay. Tornadoes tore through New Orleans neighborhoods that had been hit hard by Hurricane Katrina five months earlier.
In the world
In 1536, the Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.
In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, was signed.
In 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.
In 1961, the hijackers of the Portuguese ocean liner the Santa Maria allowed the passengers and crew to disembark in Brazil, 11 days after seizing the ship.
In 2002, inside the World Economic Forum in New York, foreign economic leaders criticized the United States for protectionist policies while outside, thousands of protesters demonstrated against global capitalism.