This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, February 12, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1932, the White Pass Railroad's roundhouse shops burned at Skagway.

• In 1940, plans to construct Elmendorf Air Force Base at Anchorage were announced in Washington, D.C.

• In 1979, 70 mph winds and near zero-degree temperatures ravaged Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1870, women in the Utah Territory gained the right to vote.

• In 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded.

• In 1915, the cornerstone for the Lincoln Memorial was laid in Washington.

• In 1924, George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" premiered in New York.

• In 1968, "Soul on Ice" by Eldridge Cleaver was first published.

• In 1973, the first release of American prisoners of war from the Vietnam conflict took place.

• In 1996, Bob Dole eked out a victory in Iowa's Republican presidential caucuses, while Pat Buchanan came in a surprisingly strong second.

• In 1999, the Senate acquitted President Clinton of perjury and obstruction of justice.

• In 2001, the NEAR spacecraft touched down on Eros, completing the first landing on an asteroid. Scientists published their first examinations of nearly all the human genetic code. A federal appeals court ruled the Internet service Napster had to prevent users from swapping copyrighted music without charge.

• In 2005, former presidential candidate Howard Dean was elected the national Democratic chairman during the party's winter meeting. "The Gates," a 16-day art exhibit created by Christo and Jeanne-Claude, debuted in New York's Central Park with the unfurling of saffron-colored fabric banners suspended in 16-foot-high frames.

In the world

• In 1554, Lady Jane Grey, who'd claimed the throne of England for nine days, and her husband, Guildford Dudley, were beheaded after being condemned for high treason.

• In 1733, English colonists led by James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, Ga.

• In 1912, Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, abdicated, marking the end of the Qing Dynasty.

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