In 1939, Alaska shipping line executives went into conference with members of the Masters, Mates, & Pilots Association in Seattle to end the strike that was crippling fresh food and mail delivery to Alaska.
In the nation
In 1635, America's oldest public school, the Boston Public Latin School, was founded.
In 1914, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, known as ASCAP, was founded in New York.
In 1935, a jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-death of the son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was later executed.
In 2002, John Walker Lindh pleaded innocent in federal court in Alexandria, Va., to conspiring to kill Americans and supporting the Taliban and terrorist organizations. Country singer Waylon Jennings died in Chandler, Ariz., at age 64.
In the world
In 1542, the fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII, Catherine Howard, was executed for adultery.
In 1920, the League of Nations recognized the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland.
In 1945, during World War II, the Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary, from the Germans.
In 1945, Allied planes began bombing the German city of Dresden.
In 1960, France exploded its first atomic bomb.
In 2002, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II made former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani an honorary knight.