In 1902, the weekly newspaper, The Alaska Prospector, was established in Valdez.
In the nation
In 1795, the University of North Carolina became the first U.S. state university to admit students with the arrival of Hinton James, who was the lone student on campus for two weeks.
In 1935, a jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-death of the son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was later executed.
In 1999, in his weekly radio address, President Clinton said as many as 4,000 American troops would go to Kosovo as part of a NATO peacekeeping force if warring Serbs and ethnic Albanians reached a political settlement. A federal judge held American Airlines' pilots union and two top board members in contempt and promised sizable fines against them.
In 2003, an investigative panel found that superheated air almost certainly seeped through a breach in space shuttle Columbia's left wing and possibly its wheel compartment during the craft's fiery descent, resulting in the deaths of all seven astronauts.
In the world
In 1542, the fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII, Catherine Howard, was executed for adultery.
In 1920, the League of Nations recognized the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland.
In 1945, during World War II, the Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary, from the Germans. Allied planes began bombing the German city of Dresden.
In 1960, France exploded its first atomic bomb.
In 1984, 20 years ago, Konstantin Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.
In 1988, the 15th winter Olympics opened in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
In 1994, at the Winter Olympic Games in Lillehammer, Norway, American Tommy Moe won the men's downhill, defeating local hero Kjetil Andre Aamodt by four-hundredths of a second.
In 2003, a U.S. government plane carrying four Americans and a Colombian went down in rebel territory in southern Colombia. The executed bodies of an American and the Colombian were found in the wreckage.