It's not news to residents that Tenakee Springs has had some financial problems. But Shelly Wilson, mayor of the town of 150 people, said she was frightened when she realized how serious the problems are.
When Gov. Frank Murkowski stopped sharing revenues with local governments in 2004, Tenakee Springs lost $40,000 a year. It is facing a $25,000 deficit. The city is applying for a $50,000 loan.
The Tenakee Springs City Council has proposed selling some city land to increase revenues and expects to put the issue on the ballot within the next two months. Council members also contemplated increasing the sales tax from 1 percent to 2 percent.
For the first time, the city might impose a property tax.
"These are some short-term solutions," Wilson said. "We look forward to receiving some funding from the state."
The Chichagof Island town is not alone.
According to the Alaska Municipal League, 14 small towns have contacted the state about formal dissolution or entered into an agreement with a tribe to resume city responsibilities - or simply have not held local elections. Twenty towns have had their insurance canceled for lack of payment.
An Alaska Municipal League report said the crises result from massive state cuts to cities at a time of skyrocketing local costs and economic downtown. In 2004, Alaska became one of a handful of states that eliminated its local government revenues-sharing programs.
"All the communities face the same problems," said Kevin Ritchie, executive director of Alaska Municipal League. "But the smallest communities, which have the smallest tax bases, have the biggest problems."
Becky Hultberg, spokeswoman for the governor, said Murkowski stopped the local government revenue-sharing program because he doesn't believe it is the state's responsibility to give block grants to local governments.
But Hultberg said when local governments experience the difficulties such as the rise of the fuel and the increase of the public employment retirement system, the state has a role in giving the community some temporary help.
In this session, Murkowski proposed giving $6.5 million to towns with populations of fewer than 1,200 to help them deal with the rise in fuel prices. Towns with populations between 100 and 600, such as Tenakee Springs, can receive $50,000. The governor also proposed to offer $37.5 million for cities and $77 million for school districts in the next two years to help them pay for the public employment retirement system.
"This is not ongoing funding. This is only temporary help," Hultberg stressed.
And that is exactly the problem, Ritchie said.
"Cities are part of the government," Ritchie said. "The Legislature is responsible for all the state to have some public services. Revenue-sharing is the most efficient way."
Wilson said she hopes the Alaska Legislature would approve the small city fuel assistance program as soon as possible.
"I will just pray we can hold that long," Wilson said. "I know it is just a one-time deal, though."
I-Chun Che can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.