In 1968, ARCO and Humble Oil hit oil at Prudhoe Bay.
In 1969, a sizable asbestos deposit was discovered in the remote mountainous region near Eagle.
In the nation
In 1861, Jefferson Davis was sworn in as president of the Confederate States of America in Montgomery, Ala.
In 1885, Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" was published in the United States for the first time.
In 1930, the ninth planet of our solar system, Pluto, was discovered.
In 1960, the Eighth Winter Olympic Games were formally opened in Squaw Valley, Calif., by Vice President Nixon.
In 1970, the Chicago Seven defendants were found innocent of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention.
In 1972, the California Supreme Court struck down the state's death penalty.
In 1977, the space shuttle Enterprise, sitting atop a Boeing 747, went on its maiden flight above the Mojave Desert.
In 1994, President Clinton notified Congress he was prepared to order bombing by U.S. warplanes in Bosnia.
In 2001, auto racing star Dale Earnhardt Sr. died from injuries suffered in a crash at the Daytona 500; he was 49.
In the world
In 1546, Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany, died.
In 1564, artist Michelangelo died in Rome.
In 2003, an arson attack on two South Korean subway trains in the city of Daegu claimed 198 lives. The arsonist was sentenced to life in prison.