In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to appropriate $1 million to give Eskimos and Indians of Alaska exclusive control of the reindeer industry in Alaska.
In 1959, Kit MacInnes won the All-Alaska Womens' Dog Sled Race in Anchorage.
In 1959, the Atomic Energy Commission decided to look outside of northwestern Alaska to create a harbor with nuclear devices.
In 1968, ARCO and Humble Oil hit oil at Prudhoe Bay.
In 1969, a sizeable asbestos deposit was discovered in the remote mountainous region near Eagle.
In the nation
In 1861, Jefferson Davis was sworn in as president of the Confederate States of America in Montgomery, Ala.
In 1885, Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" was published in the United States for the first time.
In 1960, the 8th Winter Olympic Games were formally opened in Squaw Valley, Calif., by Vice President Nixon.
In 1970, the "Chicago Seven" defendants were found innocent of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention.
In 1972, the California Supreme Court struck down the state's death penalty.
In 1977, the space shuttle Enterprise, sitting atop a Boeing 747, went on its maiden "flight" above the Mojave Desert.
In 1988, Anthony M. Kennedy was sworn in as the 104th justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1995, the NAACP replaced veteran chairman William Gibson with Myrlie Evers-Williams, the widow of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, after the rank-and-file declared no confidence in Gibson's leadership.
In 2001, auto racing star Dale Earnhardt Sr. died from injuries suffered in a crash at the Daytona 500; he was 49.
In 2004, Howard Dean's quest for the presidency ended as the Democrat, winless in 17 contests, abandoned his bid.
In the world
In 1930, the ninth planet of our solar system, Pluto, was discovered.
In 2000, Iranians voted in an election that gave reformers a majority in the parliament, long a bastion of hard-liners.